24 Hours Hotline: +86 137-3541-1378
+86 157-0009-4881
Email:

Your Location: Home > Beijing Attractions > Huabiao

Huabiao

Huabiao.jpg

Introduction
Huabiao is a type of ceremonial columns used in traditional Chinese architecture. Huabiao are traditionally erected in front of palaces and tombs. The prominence of their placement have made them one of the emblems of traditional Chinese culture. When placed outside palaces, they can also be called bangmu. When placed outside a tomb, they can also be called shendaozhu.

History & Background
Classical texts in China attribute the beginning of the huabiao to Shun, a legendary leader traditionally dated to the 23rd-22nd century BC. Some say it developed from the totem poles of ancient tribes. The Huainanzi describes the feibangmu, or bangmu for short, literally "commentary board", as a wooden board set up on main roads to allow the people to write criticism of government policies. However, tradition holds that by the mid-Xia dynasty, the king had moved the bangmu in front of the palace, in order to control public criticism. During the notorious reign of King Li of Zhou, the king would monitor those who wrote on the bangmu, and those who criticised the government would be killed. The practical use of the bangmu gradually diminished as a result of such practices.

In the Han dynasty, the bangmu became merely a symbol of the government's responsibility to the people. These were erected near bridges, palaces, city gates and tombs; the name huabiao arose during this time. During the Southern and Northern Dynasties, the Liang dynasty restored the institution of the bangmu, by installing boxes next to the bangmu. Those wishing to air grievances or to comment on government policies could post their writings in these boxes. However, by this time, the column itself was no longer treated as a bulletin board.

It is thought that, in their use on spirit roads, the huabiao replaced the ornate que towers, which were commonly used during the Eastern Han dynasty (25–220 AD).

Structure
Extant huabiao are typically made from white marble. A huabiao is typically made up of four components. At the bottom is a square base, called a sumeru base, which is decorated with bas-relief depictions of dragons, lotuses, and other auspicious symbols. Above is a column, decorated with a coiled dragon and auspicious clouds. Near the top, the column is crossed by a horizontal stone board in the shape of a cloud (called the "cloud board"). The column is topped by a round cap, called the chenglupan (???) "dew-collecting plate" (see fangzhu). At the top of the cap sits a mythical creature called the denglong (Chinese: ??), one of the "nine children of the dragon", which is said to have the habit of watching the sky. Its role atop the huabiao is said to be to communicate the mood of the people to the Heavens above.

Huabiao_2.jpgHuabiao_3.jpg

Source: Wikipedia

Mosted Asked Questions about Huabiao

Questions & Answers or Review
* Full Name
* E-mail
* Title of your review
* Your review
 

The following Beijing Private Tours may also interest you!

Duration:7 - 8 hours

Attractions(Cities):Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace

Tour Style:Immerse yourself in the Historic city of Beijing during a full-day tour of the city’s most significant historical sites: Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Tian’anmen Square and the Summer Palace. The four sightseeing spots provide great insight into the palace life and the imperial court ceremonials of more than 600 years ago. Convenient round-trip transportation from your Beijing hotel/Airport/Train station is included. It is an ideal trip during your stort stay in Beijing!

View Details
From $79 p/p

Duration:6-8 hours

Attractions(Cities):Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Nanluoguxiang Hutong (optional: rickshaw ride,family visiting)

Tour Style:This is a private tour that allows you to visit the most famous tourist sites in Beijing and you will go around the buzzing Nanluoguxiang Hutongs either by rickshaw (Optional) and on foot on this tour. You will see the local families, eat an authentic local lunch and learn some Beijing folk arts, learning about the area’s history and having an authentic picture of Beijing. Convenient round-trip transportation from your Beijing hotel/Airport/Train station is included.

View Details
From $80 p/p

Duration:2 Days, 1 Night

Attractions(Cities):Temple of Heaven, Forbidden City, Tian'anmen Square, Mutianyu Great Wall, Summer Palace, Nanluoguxiang Hutong, Optional activities: Legend of Kung Fu Show; Peking duck Dinner

Tour Style:Join an expert guide for a private tour of Beijing’s most fascinating destinations and UNESCO Sites, from the Forbidden City to the Mutianyu section of the Great Wall of China. Take the stress out of planning transport by having hotel/Airport/Train station pickup and drop-off included. Flexible tour with a choice to enjoy an evening show or eat an authentic Chinese delicacy – Peking duck to enhance the tour experience.

View Details
From $195 p/p

Duration:8 hours

Attractions(Cities):Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Nanluoguxiang Hutong, Peking Duck Lunch

Tour Style:This all-inclusive full day guided tour is particularly for first-time visitors who don’t speak Chinese visiting all the highlights in Beijing. Say no to hustlers and discover the city by private car on this door-to-door private tour. Followed by a classic Peking Duck lunch, prepared in time-honored style, at one of Beijing's well-known roast duck restaurants for locals.

View Details
From $95 p/p

Duration:8 Hours

Attractions(Cities):Forbidden City, Mutianyu Great Wall

Tour Style:Make the most of a long Beijing layover—don't sit in the airport, go sightseeing instead. If you have at least 10 hours between flights, check off not one but two UNESCO World Heritage sites on this private guided tour. Skip the long lines at Mutianyu Great Wall, you will ave the opportunity to step back in time and walk the Great Wall, then enjoy priority access to the Forbidden City before returning to Beijing Airport to continue your adventures.

View Details
From $95 p/p

Live Chat

Certificate of Excellence
2012~2022

tripadvisor

Beijing Private Tour-Day Tour

Your Idea of Your Trip
Adults:
(>11 years old)
Children:
(2 - 11 years old)
Babies:
(< 2 years old)
Date of trip
Hotel Class
Any specific requests/interests?
Contact Information

(Your Privacy is Protected)

Full Name: *
E-mail: *
Your Age: *
Nationality: *
Contact Phone Number: *
Submit

Tailor-Made

1 to 1 tailor-made service from our professional travel advisors for the most sophisticated

Authentic

Constantly excellent reviews for attraction, hotel and service Competitive price

Value Guarantee

Local experts provide quality tours Best selected knowledgeable local guides Authentic local restaurants

Stress-free Guaranteed

7*24 hours available to create you a worry-free tour. No Hidden Fees and absolutely no pressure to buy. Secured

Who choose us

Copyright © 2017 Chinabeijingprivatetour.com All rights reserved.  浙ICP备18056007号-2     Our Partner - Travel Makeup Bags Wholesale Provider