24 Hours Hotline: +86 137-3541-1378
+86 157-0009-4881

Your Location: Home > Beijing City Information > What does Beijing Mean?

What does Beijing Mean?

Beijing is made up of the Chinese characters 北京. 北 (bei) means north and 京 (jing) is capital -- thus Beijing means "northern capital," referring to the city's location in the north of China. Similarly Nanjing 南京 in the south of the country is 南 (nan; south) 京 (jing; capital) -- "southern capital." In Japan, Tokyo is 東京 -- "eastern capital".

Beijing is often referred to in English as "Peking" and "Pekin" in Japanese. Beijing has been known by other names throughout its history including Youzhou, Zhongdu, Dadu, Shuntian, Peiping, and Yanjing.

Youzhou (幽州) was the name of the Beijing city in the Tang Dynasty (618–907) .

Zhongdu (中都) "Central Capital" refers to the area just to the south west of modern Beijing which was the capital of the barbarian Jin Dynasty (1115–1234).

Dadu (大都) "great capital" is the Chinese rendering of Khanbaliq - the new city built by Kublai Khan in 1264, which became the capital of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). Marco Polo refers to the city at this time as "Cambulac."

Shuntian (顺天) refers to the new name of the capital after the defeat of the Mongols and the establishment of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).

Peiping, (北平) "Northern Peace" was a term used in 1928 as the capital was at this time in Nanjing.

The city became Beijing in 1949 following the Communist takeover. Yanjing (燕京) is an informal name for Beijing and is also the name of a local Chinese beer. Yanjing refers to the State of Yan that existed around the area of present-day Beijing during the Zhou Dynasty (1122-256 BCE).

Questions & Answers or Review
* Full Name
* E-mail
* Title of your review
* Your review

Live Chat

Why Choose Us, About Us

Reply within 24 hours
*Personalized Beijing trip proposal
*Best Beijing trip with reasonable price

100% tailor-made Beijing trip
*Satisfaction guaranteed trip plan
Enjoy tour in “My Style” Beijing tour
*Private guide & car
*24/7 fully backed up by professional team 


1 to 1 tailor-made service from our professional travel advisors for the most sophisticated


Constantly excellent reviews for attraction, hotel and service Competitive price

Value Guarantee

Local experts provide quality tours Best selected knowledgeable local guides Authentic local restaurants

Stress-free Guaranteed

7*24 hours available to create you a worry-free tour. No Hidden Fees and absolutely no pressure to buy. Secured

Who choose us


We accept:

We accept


Copyright © 2017 Chinabeijingprivatetour.com All rights reserved.